Adkins V. Children’s Hospital by: Renata Burns and Sam Edwards
NYCourthouse.lg_1.jpg Is this the Supreme Court building?
  1. The first date of this hearing was on March 14th, 1923, and the final date on Monday, April 9, 1923.
  2. William Howard Taft was the chief justice for this particular case. He was born on 9/15/1857 in Cincinnati, OH and died on 3/8/1930 in DC. Taft graduated from Yale in 1878 and joined the Republican Party as a minor official. From 1892 to 1900, Taft was judge for the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals; he later became the Republican nominee in 1908. In that election, he beat Democratic Bryan and was President from 1909 to1913. On a side note, he succeeded Theodore Roosevelt. This amazingly 300-pound man (right).41MrKgKtQrL._SL500_AA300_.jpg
  3. The amendment that was associated with this is the Fifth Amendment, the documents associated in this 22 day long case were from previous court cases (e.g. McLean v. Arkansas, Heim v. McCall, and especially Muller v. Oregon because that case addressed maximum hours, this minimum wage). What part of the 5th Amendment applies??
  4. This case was about how the act that was passed in the Colombian district that required the Children’s Hospital to set a minimum wage for both woman and children as long as they were in good health and young acted against their rights given by the Fifth Amendment (which rights? Due process? Double jeopardy? Self-incrimination?). Since all of the workers there were in good health, the hospital fought against this act passed by the Colombian District. The case went on between March 14th to April 9th, and once it was done, the court voted in favor for the Children’s Hospital because of that violation of the Fifth Amendment.
  5. The main issue of this case was that the act that was passed in the Colombian district that required them to set a minimum wage violated the due process clause in the Fifth Amendment.
  6. The final vote was 5 to 3 for the Children’s Hospital.
  7. The 5 for Children’s Hospital were McKenna, McReynolds, Butler, Sutherland, and Devanter, albeit that Brandeis didn’t vote (why not?). The three dissenting were Taft, Sanford, and Holmes. Taft and Sanford dissented because theysaw no distinction between maximum hour laws (Muller v. Oregon) and minimum wage laws. Holmes dissented because he saw that there were plenty of restrictions on worker contracts and adding minimum wage was an unnecessary one that should be left for legislation to decide.
8. The justices that were serving at the time were William Howard Taft (1921-1930), Joseph McKenna (1898-1925), Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (1902-1932), Willis Van Devanter (1910-1937), James Clark McReynolds (1914-1941), Louis Dembitz Brandeis (1916-1939), George Sutherland (1922-1938), Pierce Butler (1922-1939), and Edward Sanford (1923-1930).taft5_photograph.jpg
9. The results of this case honestly anger me greatly. The results of this case honestly shows how low people thought of woman at this time. I would not be as effected by this case if it was for all genders. However, that didnot happen, so it can be seen as a blow to woman’s rights.childrens_hospital_boston.jpg
10. If this case had gone the other way, it would be seen as another milestone in women’s equality. Women would be set on a pedestal that would allow them to get to an even higher position in society. As for children, they could get more money, leading to a higher education eventually, thus smarter people and a better run country for a little while.
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6/7 Biblio -- alphabetize
24/28 Content -- good pics, could use more description in some spots and extend analysis and What if?
4.5/5 Organization - Good job. Watch out for errors.

34.5/40 Total