Election of 1808

1. The date of the election.
Date of the presidential election: 4 November 1808
Date Electors cast their votes: 7 December 1808
Date Electoral Vote tabulated by a Joint Session of Congress: 8 February 1809

2. Who was in the White House at the time of the election?
Thomas Jefferson the third of American. He was a democrat-republic. His term caused many problems for the candidates of the election of 1808 to deal with such as the Embargo act of 1807 and the Louisiana purchase along with European tension while also being a peoples favorite across the country which made his presidency a very hard act to follow.
File:James Madison.jpg
File:James Madison.jpg

3. What issues/events occurred in the past four years previous to the election that influenced this current election?
Between the years of 1804 and 1808 there was a lot of tension between the United States and foreign powers; while they were not yet at war, impressment was a big issue at the time. The British and French both impressed American ships beginning around 1805. The Chesapeake affair in 1807 was met with shock and outrage in America, but anti-war Jefferson refused to declare war on Britain or France.
The Embargo Act of 1807 was the response to this by Jefferson, who was against war, and was also an influencing factor for the election.
The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 was also an event that influenced the election. America obtained land that France had control of at the time when relations between America and Europe were very strained. Napoleon decided to sell this land for 15 million dollars- 3 cents an acre- so he could use the money and to put America in good terms with France. This resulted in the beginning of American interest in traveling west, and, as Napoleon hoped, closer relations with France.

4. Candidates for each party. Include some of the early candidates (especially in the era after primaries begin in 1912).
Charles Pinckney (Federalist), James Madison (Democrat-Republican), Clinton (Democrat-Republican). There at this time were have a narrowing of parties to mainly democratic or not while the federalist party was a rarity and this being the last strike or attempt at power or presidency for the federalist party right before the creation of the separation of democratic and republic party.

5. Describe the conventions for each party - was there any controversy over the selections of the candidates?
5. Party Conventions
Democratic-Republic Convention:
The Democratic - Republican Party did not have a convention but had what was called caucus which as close as it gets to a convention. What did was nominate the candidates within their party Madison was the most popular nominee you received 83 ballots; he was the choice of Jefferson who was the previous president and was deciding to retire. Monroe and Clinton, the other nominees, only received 3 but George Clinton was re-nominated to be Vice President becoming the first and one of only two to become the vice president consecutively under different presidents. Since Madison was obviously the favored candidate there was not much controversy however there was a wing of the party who dislike Madison and voted for Clinton to be president later on giving him his 6 electoral votes.
Federalist Convention:
The Federalist Party supposedly had the first ever national convention in 1808 that was held secretly. The reason they didn’t have a caucus, the prevailing method used the D-R party, there were many objections and they had tried it in the 1800 election but it was found to be ineffective in keeping peace or harmony within the party itself. Pinckney was nominated to run for President and Rufus King for Vice. But since they realized Pinckney chances of winning based on the DR party dominance at the time and how did in the last election, were slim, so there was discussion on nominating George Clinton as their nominee. Clinton, had more or less of their policies, and even though he was not a Federalist candidate, he had a better chance of winning and the main goal for the Federalists this election was to make sure Madison did not become president.

6. What were the major issues that the campaign and candidates focused upon?
What would become of the Embargo Act of 1807; the lack of clarity on whether or not the purchase of the Louisiana land was constitutional, and what exactly should be done with the land; whether slaves should be allowed into the new states made from this land (this was a much smaller issue until a decade or so later); strained relationships with Britain and France after impressment issues- Federalists wanted to ally with France and war with Britain.

7. Describe the overall results, including a map of the electoral college vote and an overall popular and electoral vote count.
7. Overall Results

James Madison, a Democratic- Republican, won the election of 1808 with 122 electoral votes, beating the other two candidates, George Clinton and Charles Pinckney by fairly wide margins. Pinckney came in second with 47 electoral votes and Clinton got a mere total of 6 votes. Pinckney came from the Federalists party and Clinton in fact came from the same party as Madison. James Monroe also ran out of the Democratic - Republican Party but he failed to receive an electoral votes. Clinton was chosen to be Vice President with 113 electoral votes becoming the first of two to become the VP two terms in a row with a different president.

Popular Vote: Madison- (124,732) 64.7%; Pinckney- (62,431) 32.4%; Monroe- (4,848) 2.5%; Other- (680) .4%

Electoral Vote (88 or 89 needed to win): Madison- 122; Pinckney- 47; Clinton- 6; Monroe- 0; Other- 0

Electoral Votes
Popular Vote
Pinckney SC
Clinton NY

Madison VA
Monroe VA

Electoral College Vote - Map


8. Provide your assessment of your election as to its importance or significance. This is where you show your thinking/learning about the election.
Just about all presidential elections are important and there’s no exception for the one in 1808. With Madison’s victory, the Federalist Party was nearly completely gone and the Democratic- Republican Party had complete dominance. Madison also played an important role in dealing with the embargo act by opening up trade more so through the passing of the Non-Intercourse Act and then later in 1810 Macon’s Bill No. 2, and also during his term he had to deal with finding diplomatic solutions with Europe. Madison’s successes in his first term of presidency allowed him to hold office again the next four years were his role become even more significant as he would have to deal with the War of 1812. That is why I believe
the election of 1808 was significant and is important to our nation.

9.You will need to produce one additional part of the project such as a blog, poster, fakebook etc.
Campaign Prezi--http://prezi.com/12a85puagi8y/election-of-1808/

10. You individually will be responsible for evaluating at least two other election Wikispaces pages. These evaluations will part of your individual grade.

11. You will also write a brief reflection on your project and assess your teammates' roles in your project. This is also part of your individual grade.

12. Please cite all of your sources in a correctly formatted bibliography at the end of you Wikispaces page. Use www.easybib.com.
Berg-Andersson, Richard E., Research and Commentary, and Tony Roza, Webmaster. "DATES OF U.S.
Present. TheGreenPapers.com, 2 June 2009. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.

"1808 Presidential Election." Presidential Election of 1808. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2012.

"U.S. Presidential Election 1808." U.S. Presidential Election 1808. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2012.

"ElectoralMaps.org - Timeline of U.S. Presidential Elections - Popular and Electoral Vote Totals - Courtesy of Wikipedia.org." ElectoralMaps.org - Timeline of U.S. Presidential Elections - Popular and Electoral Vote Totals - Courtesy of Wikipedia.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://www.100bestwebsites.org/alt/evmaps/electoral-maps.htm>.

"1808 Presidential Election." Presidential Election of 1808. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://www.270towin.com/1808_Election/>.

Morison, Samuel E. JSTOR. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1832458>.
Answers.com. Answers, n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://www.answers.com/topic/united-states-presidential-election>.